Instalasi dan Konfigurasi Apache, MySQL, PHP dan phpMyAdmin di OSX 10.8 Mountain Lion

With the new cat out of the bag, getting the AMP stack running is a little different on OS X Mountain Lion 10.8 (Build 12A269) than is its predecessor OS X 10.7 Lion, here is the lowdown on getting Apache, MySQL, PHP and phpMyAdmin running on the new Apple operating system.

If you have upgraded from a previous OS X your hosting environment will be changed and you need to fix certain configuration files to get that environment back, in particular enabling php and if you used the Sites document root folder you need to add back in auser configuration file.

Apache/WebSharing

The first difference in the new OS X 10.8 is the dropping of the GUI option in System Preferences > Sharing to turn on Web Sharing, it may be gone but webserver Apache is definitely installed in the lower level of the OS and ready to go.

No Web Sharing Option in System Preferences

Apache is pre-installed and needs to be enabled via the command line –/Applications/Utilities/Terminal

to start it

sudo apachectl start

to stop it

sudo apachectl stop

to restart it

sudo apachectl restart

To find the Apache version

httpd -v

The version installed in Golden Master is Apache/2.2.22

apache web serving it works

After starting Apache – test in the browser – http://localhost – you should see the “It Works!” text.

If you want a GUI point and click Web Sharing toggle switch in System Preferences this one from clickontyler works fine, just unzip and double click.

Document Root

Document root is the location where the files are shared from the file system and is similar to the traditional names of ‘public_html’ and ‘htdocs’, OSX has historically had 2 web roots one at a system level and one at a user level – you can set both up or just run with one, the user level one allows multiple acounts to have their own web root whilst the system one is global for all users. It seems there is less effort from Apple in continuing with the user level one but it still can be set up with a couple of extra tweaks.

System Level Web Root

– the default system document root is still found at –

http://localhost/

The files are shared in the filing system at –

/Library/WebServer/Documents/

User Level Root

Interestingly the user document root level is missing the ‘~/Sites’ folder in the User account on a clean installation, you need to make a “Sites” folder at the root level of your account and then it will work. Upgrading from a previous OS X version preserves the Sites folder but removes the ability to web serve from it – this is where you need to add in a ‘username.conf’ file.

sites-folder-accountCreate a Sites folder at the account root level

Check that you have a “username.conf” filed under:

/etc/apache2/users/

If you don’t, then create one named by the short username of the account with the suffix.conf, its contents should be (swap in the real username):

cd /etc/apache2/users
sudo nano username.conf

Then add the content below swapping in your ‘username’ in the code below:

<Directory "/Users/username/Sites/">
Options Indexes MultiViews
AllowOverride All
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>

Permissions on the file should be:

-rw-r--r--   1 root  wheel  298 Jun 28 16:47 username.conf

If not you need to change…

sudo chmod 644 username.conf

Restart Apache for the new file to be read:

sudo apachectl restart

Then this user level document root will be viewable at:

http://localhost/~username/

 

PHP

PHP 5.3.13 is loaded in OSX 10.8 Mountain Lion and needs to be turned on by uncommenting a line in the httpd.conf file.

sudo nano /etc/apache2/httpd.conf

Use “control” + “w” to search and search for ‘php’ this will land you on the right line then uncomment the line (remove the #):

LoadModule php5_module libexec/apache2/libphp5.so

Write out and Save using the nano short cut keys at the bottom ‘control o’ and ‘control x’

Re-load apache to kick in

sudo apachectl restart

To see and test PHP, create a file name it “phpinfo.php” and file it in your document root with the contents below, then view it in a browser.

 <?php phpinfo(); ?>

 

MySQL

MySQL is again a missing component in OS X 10.8 and needs to be dowloaded from the MySQL site use the Mac OS X ver. 10.6 (x86, 64-bit), DMG Archive version (works fine on 10.8).

When downloading you don’t have to sign up, look for » No thanks, just take me to the downloads!  – go straight to the download mirrors and download the software from a mirror which is closest to you.

Once downloaded install the 3 components. You may need to adjust the Security and Privacy System Pref to allow installs of 3rd party apps because of the new security feature of Mountain Lion known as the ‘Gatekeeper’, which keeps unscrupulous installer packages at bay.

To get around this without changing the global preferences (better!) right click or command click the .pkg installer to bring up the contextual menu and select open, then you get the warning – then click Open.

osx gatekeeper open contextual

Install all 3…

  • mysql5.5.xxx.pkg
  • MySQLstartupitem.pkg
  • MySQLPrefPane

The first is the MySQL software, the 2nd item allows MySQL to start when the Mac is booted and the third is a System Preference that allows start/stop operation and a preference to enable it to start on boot.

You can start the MySQL server from the System Preferences or via the command line

start-mysql system preferences

sudo /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server start

To find the MySQL version from the terminal, type at the prompt:

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -v

This also puts you in to an interactive dialogue with mySQL, type \q to exit.

After installation, in order to use mysql commands without typing the full path to the commands you need to add the mysql directory to your shell path, (optional step) this is done in your “.bash_profile” file in your home directory, if you don’t have that file just create it using vi or nano:

cd ; nano .bash_profile
export PATH="/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH"

The first command brings you to your home directory and opens the .bash_profile file or creates a new one if it doesn’t exist, then add in the line above which adds the mysql binary path to commands that you can run. Exit the file with type “control + x” and when prompted save the change by typing “y”. Last thing to do here is to reload the shell for the above to work straight away.

source ~/.bash_profile
mysql -v

You will get the version number again, just type “\q” to exit.

Set the root password

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'yourpasswordhere'

Use the single ‘quotes’ surrounding the password

 

phpMyAdmin

phpMyAdmin is installed pretty much the same way as before.  Fix the 2002 socket error first –

sudo mkdir /var/mysql
sudo ln -s /tmp/mysql.sock /var/mysql/mysql.sock

Download phpMyAdmin, the english.tar.gz package, uncompress and file in the document root renaming folder to phpmyadmin.

Make the config folder

mkdir ~/Sites/phpmyadmin/config

Change the permissions

chmod o+w ~/Sites/phpmyadmin/config

Run the set up in the browser

http://localhost/~username/phpmyadmin/setup/

The new server to be configured is the localhost, click new server and then the only other configurations are the local mysql user and the password in the Authentication tab.

Add in the username, by default “root” is assumed, add in the password, click on save and you are returned to the previous screen.

Make sure you click on save, then a config.inc.php is now in the /config directory, movethis file to the root level of /phpmyadmin and then remove the now empty /config directory.

Now going to http://localhost/~username/phpmyadmin/ will now allow you to interact with your MySQL databases.

To upgrade phpmyadmin just download the latest version and copy the older ‘config.inc.php‘ from the existing directory into the new folder and replace – backup the older one just in case.

Thats it you now have the native AMP stack running ontop of the Mountain Lion.

 

Sumber : http://coolestguyplanettech.com/downtown/install-and-configure-apache-mysql-php-and-phpmyadmin-osx-108-mountain-lion

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